5.6 million The Singaporean people live in a real way. They have to live in an area that equates to about two-thirds of New York. In addition, the Singapore government expects its population to increase by 1.3 billion by 2030.
From the moment Singapore became an independent state, it began to rebuild land from the sea, but it is not only ecologically unsustainable, but also because of rising sea levels and dangerous and cost-effective. So what to do when there is already a lack of living space right now?
Singapore decided that it was necessary to dig bottom.
Yingxin Zhou, an mining miner, says that "we do not have gold, oil or diamonds, but we are doing something special - space."
In order to meet the needs of all the country's residents, Singapore builds underground cities with the full infrastructure. He becomes a global leader in underground urbanization.
Singapore has a large underground train network, supermarkets, underground passenger traffic and five-lane underground motorway Marina Coastal Expressway, which accounts for 10% of the country's highway network.
In addition to these relatively common objects, Singapore under the ground "hid" even the country's armed forces ammunition, installed the world's largest underground ventilation and water treatment systems.
And Singapore's underground growth is still far from complete. Singapore invests $ 188 million in underground research and development and has replaced land ownership laws. This means that the homeowners' right to land ends at the basement, whichever is below the property of the Singaporean state. This allows the government to do enough of these projects and not to engage in conflicts with landowners.
In 2019, the government is hoping to showcase some of the objects implemented under this Underground Master Plan. Possible projects include the transfer of utilities, the development of water reservoirs and the development of railways.
Singapore is wise to invest in research and development gradually. In such a project, even the smallest mistake can be financially unbearable. "If you are going to underground, you have to do it properly. Building high buildings is easy. Underground? "It's harder," said Mark Wallace, ARUP Engineer.
If the Singapore Underground Master Plan projects are successful, they will certainly help to cope with the growing population. And this could be a good example for other cities. What's more, the fact that the population of the Earth is only rising and already large cities (China, India) are already overcrowded.